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2.1 The Basics of Figma Grids

Ok, let’s start with the basics. Figma works with something called “frames”. These are effectively the same thing as artboards in other design apps—collections of elements in the infinite canvas. These frames can contain layout grids which allow you to properly space and align elements. In fact, Figma grids can only be applied to frames. Let’s see an example.

2.1 The Basics of Figma Grids

Okay, let's start with the basics. Figma works with something called frames. And a frame is the exact same thing as an artboard in other apps that you might have used. It's basically a collection of elements in the infinite canvas. Now, frames can have layout grids applied to them. In fact, you can only apply layout grids to a frame, and these grids allow you to properly position and align elements, cool? Let's see an example. To create a frame in Figma, you just hover over this region to select frame, or press F. Here on the right side you have a couple of presets you can choose from. Let's do a desktop like a MacBook, all right? And this creates a nice frame right here. Now, to add a grid to this frame, you must first select it. And on the right side panel where you see Layout Grid, you can click it, and this will automatically add a grid. To delete that grid, simply click the minus sign. To toggle its visibility, you can use this button. And to edit the grid, you just click on this icon right here to the left. So this will bring you to the grid properties. Now, there are three different types of grids you can use in Figma. The first one is the grid that you can see here. It consists of both horizontal and vertical lines, and all you can do here is change the size of each grid cell. So if I say size 50, our cells are gonna be much bigger. And of course, you can change the color of the lines, And their opacity. The second type of grid you can use is Columns. This will essentially add a set number of columns. You can specify how many columns you want or choose from a predefined list. As with any other grids, you can choose the color and opacity. Type basically gives you the alignment, but we'll cover that in the next lesson. Width, Margin, and Gutter are all properties that depend on the alignment you choose. And then the third type of grid is Rows. So instead of having grid columns, you now have grid rows that go horizontally. Again, you can specify how many want. Do you want more than 12, which is the maximum in this list? No problem. You can put 50 in there. And just to show you quickly how it looks like, I'm gonna change the alignment there. And you can see the grid columns go from the top to the bottom. And as you resize your frame, you'll see those grid columns go on and on and on. Cool, so those are the three grid types. We have Grid, which consists of horizontal and vertical lines, Columns, which consist of vertical columns, and Rows, where we have horizontal rows. And depending on what you need, you would choose from one of these three types. For example, the rows can be used to create a baseline grid for text. That's very useful. Columns can be used for typical page layouts. And the grid can be used for icon design. Now, what's nice about grids is that they sit above any element you create on a page. So for example, if you create a rectangle here, and maybe a piece of text. Let's increase the size here a little bit, right? You'll notice that the grid sits above all of your elements, and it's also nice that elements can snap to the grid. See how easy it is to match width, height position to my grid? Figma is really, really smart about this. And again, hiding a grid is just as simple as clicking this button. Deleting can be done via this button. And because we're working with Figma, we also have something called Grid Styles. So you can add a grid style based on the settings you defined for your grid, and you can reuse that in multiple places, which is really cool. Now, earlier, I mentioned some grid properties for alignment and I didn't go into any details. We're gonna do that in the next lesson. See you there.

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